Cabbage Growing Stages (Full Guide)

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It is important to be aware of cabbage growing stages in order to make the most out of your harvest. Cabbage is a cool-weather vegetable that is rich in vitamins and minerals. You can grow cabbage in summer or winter. However, cabbage doesn’t like heat or too much sunlight. It is important to plant cabbage when it is cool.

If you live in cooler areas in summer, sow the cabbage plants in late spring and harvest them in the fall. If you live in an area with mild winters, plant the cabbage in the late summer to get a spring or winter harvest.

How long does it take for cabbage to mature from seed to harvest? It depends on what type of cabbage you grow. Normal conditions will allow cabbage to mature between 80 and 180 days from seed planting until harvest.

There are four basic stages to cabbage growth: germination, seedling, vegetative, and flowering.

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1. The cabbage germination stage

This is the first stage in the development of the cabbage. Canola seeds can be planted in either garden soil or containers and will germinate or sprout in 3-4 days. When certain conditions are met, seeds germinate or resume their life. These conditions include temperature, moisture and sunlight.

When cabbage seeds are continuously exposed to soil nutrients, water, sunlight, and temperature for about a week, their development resumes.

If the conditions are right, seeds will germinate and begin to grow.

  • Moisture
  • nutrients
  • Temperature between 65-70 degrees F
  • Sunlight
  • Right Soil Nutrients

2. The seedling stage for cabbage

This is the next stage in the development of the cabbage. Germination usually takes between 10 and 2 weeks.

The seedling stage marks the transition from a seed to an adult plant. The cabbage plant’s seedling stage is when it develops or grows a young, leaf-like structure (seed leaves), a young root-like structure (germ root), and a young stem structure. These structures collectively are called seedlings.

The seedling stage of a cabbage plant depends on its nutrition from the seed. This is because their young embryonic leaves and shoots are still not fully developed enough to make their own food.

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3. The Vegetative Stage in Cabbage

Once rapeseeds are germinated and have grown into seedlings from their seeds, the next stage in growth is the expansion of the embryonic structures to allow them to perform complex physiological activities like water and nutrient uptake and transpiration.

The vegetative stage is the final stage of development. The vegetative stage is when cabbage’s embryonic seed leaves turn into true leaves. Young embryonic radicles become true roots, and shoots develop into stems.

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This is when the cabbage plant must produce its own food using these roots and leaves. This leads to the growth and extension of the entire plant.

4. Cabbage Flowering Stage

This is the last stage of the cabbage’s growth cycle. The cabbage plant will produce flowers once the structures are mature. Blooming is the process of producing flowers.

Higher plants can reproduce by flowering. They use it to preserve their generation by producing seeds. The end of the life cycle is reached when they start to produce seeds. You must plant the canola seeds, then wait for them to germinate.

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How to Plant a Cabbage?

  • Plant seeds 1/4 inch deep.
  • Give the plants a week to harden off before putting the seedlings outside.
  • 2 to 3 weeks prior to the final day of the spring frost, transplant seedlings outside on a cloudy day.
  • Depending on the desired head size, space seedlings 12 to 24 inch apart in rows. (Smaller heads are produced by closer spacing.)


How Long Does Cabbage Take to Grow?

Depending on the variety of cabbage you cultivate. Cabbage will typically take between 80 and 180 days to reach maturity from seed to harvest under normal circumstances. A chilly season crop that can be grown twice a year is cabbage. Some cabbage types, like Savoy, might take up to 88 days to develop heads.

You could only need to wait a little longer if you’re wondering when will cabbage grow a head, or your plants might require more time if temps or culture are off. Blindness, sometimes known as the absence of a head in a cabbage, can occur for a variety of causes.

When Will a Cabbage Head Form?

It depends, is the response to the question “When will cabbage make a head?” Comparing the regular green cabbage to the huge Savoy cabbage, heads form more quickly.

In around 70 days, you should start to see green cabbage heads. Nappa cabbage forms little heads in just 57 days, whereas red cabbage takes a little bit longer.

How many cabbage heads can Cabbage plants produce?

The rim of the original plant’s stub will not only grow one new head, but several, often three or four, but occasionally as many as six smaller heads. The new sub-heads will, in all, yield as much food as the original cabbage head, but with a tasty variation.

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What month do I Plant Cabbage?

Six to eight weeks before the first frost, plant the fall cabbage. Growing plants become “hardened” and resistant of frost after being exposed to frigid temperatures.
Cooler climate cabbage has a delightfully sweet flavor.

The majority of vegetables, including cabbage, need at least 6 hours of direct sunshine each day; more is ideal.

Is it possible to leave cabbage in the ground all winter?

Although cabbage heads may resist temperatures as low as 20°F (-6°C), you should remove the crop from the garden or cover it with straw if a severe frost is expected.

How can I make my Cabbage Grow Faster?

Each plant will only produce one head of cabbage for the fall crop. Encourage them. Apply 20-10-10 fertilizer to the cabbage’s sides two weeks after planting.

This fertilizer, which is heavy in nitrogen, will provide your cabbage the kick it needs to grow big. Check your cabbage from the middle to the outer leaves to decide where to put the fertilizer.

Is it possible to plant Cabbage in Summer?

Some gardeners might be uncertain as to when winter cabbage should be planted. You may seed any time up until late summer or even early fall in warm climes as long as you wait until midsummer. As low as 40 degrees F will cause seeds to sprout.


This article focuses on the various stages of cabbage growth. This guide should be of great assistance to you in understanding the different stages of cabbage growth.

As with all plants, cabbages go through their own growth phases. You can harvest delicious cabbages if you give them the right environment and conditions. Surprisingly their growth stages can be quite straightforward and you can harvest the seeds and start the cycle over again after about 3 months.

This article has provided some insight into the growth stages of cabbage plants. You can learn how to care for cabbage plants properly so you can complete these growth stages. Happy gardening!

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