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A lot of gardeners at home love to plant cucumbers in the summertime. As you browse the available varieties, you might be aware that some of these are classified as parthenocarpic. This will likely make you wonder, “what are parthenocarpic cucumbers?”.
Parthenocarpic cucumbers are hybrid plants that do not need pollination to set fruit. They have thin skin, few seeds, and mild flavor. Parthenocarpic cucumbers produce a high yield. They can be grown in a greenhouse or a protected area.
Parthenocarpic cucumbers resist disease, have smooth skin, and lack bitterness. That’s why a lot of farmers choose them. They are ideal for salads, garnishes, and other uses.
Now, let’s look at the best Parthenocarpic cucumber varieties you can choose for your garden.
Best Parthenocarpic Cucumbers To Grow
All varieties of parthenocarpic cucumbers are hybrids. They produce fruit with little or no seeds; even the germs they contain aren’t fertile. Therefore, you can’t harvest seeds from these kinds of fruits.
Thus, you must purchase these seeds at your local garden center or fresh seeds each year if you plan to grow them at your home.
The most important thing to keep in mind is that parthenocarpic cucumbers should be planted in greenhouses or polytunnels in areas that aren’t open to pollination by bees. This is because they do not create pollen. However, they could be pollinated by honeybees that take pollen from other varieties of cucumber that might be nearby.
When parthenocarpic cucumbers are pollinated, the outcome will be disfigured fruits. So another option is to grow only parthenocarpic cucumbers in your garden and not plant non-parthenocarpic ones.
Here is a listing of the most popular varieties of parthenocarpic cucumber available to gardeners.
|April||Pickling||45 days||4 to 6 Inches||Highly fertile|
|Chelsea Prize||English||60 days||12 to 15 inches|
|Suyo Long||Pickling||65 days||15 to 18 inches|
|Diva||English||58 days||6 to 8 inches|
|Excelsior||Pickling||50 days||4 to 5 inches|
|H-19 Small Leaf||Pickling||57 days||3 to 4 inches|
|Katrina||Beit Alpha||46 days||4 to 6 inches||Tolerates heat|
|Iznik||Beit Alpha||55 days||3 to 4 Inches||A container-friendly, bushy plant|
|Picolino||Beir Alpha||45 days||5 inches|
|Minime||Persian||45 days||3 inches||Excellent as a crunchy snack.|
|Socrates||Beit Alpha||55 days||6 to 8 inches||Cold resistance|
|Sweet Success||English||54 days||12 inches|
|Tyria||English||58 days||18 inches|
|Tasty Jade||Japanese||55 days||12 inches|
|County Fair||Pickling||52 days||2 to 4 inches|
This cucumber hybrid cultivar was explicitly created for greenhouses and balconies. The first harvest arrives 45-50 days after planting. They are 6 to 9 inches (15-22 cm) and feature a bulging surface with longitudinal patterns. According to cultivation standards, one square meter may yield up to 30 kilograms.
2. Chelsea Prize
The beautiful cucumber is sliced with fragile skin that doesn’t require peeling. It can produce fruits that are 12 – 15 inches (30 to 38 centimeters) long. The larger fruits aren’t bitter and are great to eat fresh in salads or sandwiches.
3. Suyo Long
Thin, cylindrical Suyo Long cucumbers grow to 45 cm. They have dark green, ridged, knobby skin that is delicious. Young cucumbers may have soft spikes that may be rubbed off. Suyo Long cucumbers grow curly if not trellised. The pale green-to-white flesh has numerous edible, soft seeds and is sweet, mild, and crisp.
This variety yields sweet, non-bitter fruits that have a crisp texture. The fruit is ready to harvest once it reaches an average length of 6-8 inches (15 to 20 centimeters). It is also a type of plant that is disease-resistant.
It is a disease-resistant variety with a strong growing habit. It is an excellent choice to pickle. It can grow in a range of climates throughout autumn and summer. It takes about 50 days to mature. The fruit is medium-sized, approximately 4 to five inches (10 to 13 centimeters).
6. H-19 Small Leaf
This cucumber variety is characterized by a growing habit that is bushy and compact, with tiny leaves. It is among the top types for picking. The fruit is small, around 3-4 inches (8 to 10 centimeters). This variety is excellent for growing in containers because of its small dimensions.
It is a sweet fruit with a thin skin that doesn’t need peeling. The fruit is harvested at a time when it’s about 15 centimeters (6 inches) long. This high cultivar is resistant to disease and popular with southern farmers.
Another variety produces small-sized fruits ranging from 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 centimeters). It is edible and fresh but also works well to pickle. It’s also suitable for cultivation in containers because of its compact growth habits. The fruit is smooth, soft skin that doesn’t require peeling.
This cucumber with a slight ribbed is exceptionally resistant to disease and prolific. The cucumbers have thin skins that do not require peeling. The fruit is ready for pick when they’re about 4 – 5 inches (10 to 13 centimeters) long.
The small cucumber has lovely smooth and smooth skin that doesn’t need peeling. It’s great for snacks because it’s only 3 inches (8 centimeters) in length.
The particular one is very cold-tolerant and can be harvested well into the fall. It’s another variety with thin skin and doesn’t require peeling. The fruit is ready to be picked at six to eight inches (15 to 20 centimeters) long.
12. Sweet Success
This variety can produce huge fruits measuring twelve inches (30 cm). The skin is a beautiful dark green color that doesn’t require peeling. This kind of plant is ideal for cutting into salads or sandwiches.
This is among the most comprehensive varieties we’ve listed, and the fruit can grow to 14 inches (35 centimeters). It’s a different variety with resistance to disease with slightly sweet fruits with smooth skin and does not have bitterness. This fruit appears cut somewhat, making it suitable for salads and garnishes
14. Tasty Jade
This Japanese-type cucumber can grow to approximately 30 cm (12 inches). The cucumber is a smooth and thin skin that doesn’t require peeling. This fruit is perfect for slicing and provides appealing, uniform, seedless cuts that are great for garnishing.
15. County Fair
This particular variety of pickling cucumber is almost seedless and not bitter. It’s also resistant to disease. When it comes to picking, it is recommended that it be picked at a length of between 2 and four inches (5 to 10 centimeters). You may also let the fruit get a little longer before you use them to cut.
See Also: How to Grow Cucumbers in Florida
The benefits of cultivating parthenocarpic cucumbers
There are numerous benefits to growing parthenocarpic cukes in the garden. At first, these cucumbers were used for commercial production and were often produced in greenhouses. However, they were also thought to be helpful in regions or climates with a small number of pollinators naturally.
Here are a few of the primary reasons why gardeners at home now tend to cultivate only parthenocarpic cucumbers in their garden:
- They don’t need pollination.
- They have a tiny amount of seeds if any, roots.
- The majority of the fruits have smooth skins that are free of burrs. There are no reasons to remove them.
- You don’t need to worry about attracting pollinators into your garden or tackling the job of manually pollinating.
- The growing time can be extended by allowing you to cover your plants with a tunnel made of polythene if there is a chance of frost early.
- These cucumbers are guaranteed to give you plenty of harvests since it only produces female-only flowers. This is essential because non-parthenocarpic cucumbers typically make more male flowers than females and their yields are usually smaller.
General guidelines for cultivating parthenocarpic cucumbers
Like all varieties or varieties of cucumbers in the garden, hybrid varieties require the proper conditions for growth to yield plenty of fruits. Any environmental issue that is not managed will lead to an absence of fruits. So, ensuring that you provide your cucumbers with suitable conditions for a fruitful harvest is crucial.
Here are some suggestions:
- Guard your plants against extreme temperatures and extremes. Extreme temperatures can cause stress to plants and decrease the production of fruit. In a region where summers are hot, it is possible to shield your plants from the hot afternoon sun and the scorching midday heat by providing shade. You can also choose one of the more tolerant plants, like Katrina.
- Be sure your plants are adequately supplied with water. The cucumbers, in essence, contain a significant amount of water. This is why they require a considerable amount of water in the soil to grow an abundance of fruit. Make sure you test your soil’s moisture often during the summer and ensure that it isn’t dried. Naturally, you’ll be looking to ensure that your soil has adequate drainage since you don’t want the plants to get soggy.
- Give your plant food frequently during all of the season. In addition to having adequate water, your parthenocarpic cucumbers require plenty of nutrition to ensure a plentiful harvest. To achieve this, it is vital to select a fertilizer that contains high levels of both potassium and phosphorous. A fertilizer specifically designed for use on fruits such as tomatoes is ideal. Follow the recommendations on the package and instructions.
Cucumbers of any type can be bred to be parthenocarpic. The majority of parthenocarpic kinds, however, are Beit Alpha or pickled cucumbers. Beit Alpha cucumbers are exceptionally thin-skinned, collarless cucumbers that look similar to English cucumbers but are often smaller. Persian cucumbers are the names given to their lengthier cousins.
All kinds are climbing cucumbers. However, if you want parthenocarpic bush cucumbers, compact semi-shrub variants are equally excellent for growing in pots and require stakes or cages.
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